April 15, 2021

Professional Tool Reviews for Pros

Types of Miter Saws and Which is Right for You

types of miter saws

We asked our Pros for recommendations on when sliding, compound, single-, and dual-bevel features really make a difference when looking at which types of miter saws to buy. If you’re ready to buy a miter saw—which one do you choose? With several different types of miter saws available, it’s more than just picking the right brand and features. We help you decide.

10-Second Summary

  • Miter Saw: Any wood-cutting saw with a mitering table that adjusts the cross-cut angle
  • Sliding Miter Saw: Has a rail system that slides the blade from front to back and extends the maximum cutting length
  • Compound Miter Saw: Has an adjustment left and/or right to cut down through the wood at an angle
  • Compound Sliding Miter Saw: Gives you mitering, beveling, and sliding functions
  • Dual Compound Sliding Miter Saw: Gives you all three functions with beveling to both left and right

Major Types of Miter Saws

In its most basic form, the miter saw (or chop saw) has a table that pivots to the right and left, allowing you to change the angle of the cross-cut you’re making. The blade drops straight down and your cut capacity is limited by the blade’s diameter. The capacity will be smaller than the blade diameter since the arbor gets in the way of letting it drop all the way through. It may, however, exceed the blade radius when you make a cut against the back of the fence.

Editor’s Note: A chop saw is similar to a miter saw, but with no ability to adjust the miter angle from 90 degrees. Most chop saws are designed to cut metal. Some people refer to a miter saw as a “chop saw” but we separate them. Check out our chop saw vs miter saw article for more on that topic.

Sliding Miter Saw

A sliding miter saw is a type of miter saw that adds rails to let the saw blade slide front to back across the wood. It gives you a much greater depth of cut than the same size miter saw without rails. Most sliding miter saws also include the ability to make a compound cut.

  • Buy if: You need to cut deeper material like 1×12 or 2×12 lumber.
  • Pass if: You want a more compact saw for greater portability.
Makita 10" Cordless Miter Saw XSL06 Review

Compound Miter Saw

Compound cuts include both a bevel and miter. A compound miter saw adds the ability to make bevel cuts in addition to its mitering ability. You’ll want to make sure you have this feature anytime you work with crown molding or other trim that gets installed on a wall. Mitering occurs when you rotate the saw blade around a base. That base holds a scale that tells you the miter angle in degrees.

  • Buy if: You plan to cut wood as opposed to metal. Most miter saws are now compound in design.
How To Use A Miter Saw

Compound Sliding Miter Saw

The compound sliding miter saw includes the best of both worlds. This miter saw uses rails to increase the cross-cut capacity and adds a left bevel to enable compound cuts. In this way, you get the flexibility of a compound miter saw with the added depth of cut afforded by the slide.

  • Buy if: You need to cut deeper material like 1×12 or 2×12 lumber.
  • Pass if: You want a more compact saw for greater portability.

Dual Compound Sliding Miter Saw

On a dual compound sliding miter saw, you get a miter table, sliding rails, and beveling that goes both left and right. The left bevel eliminates the need to flip your material around to make the opposite compound cut. This saves you some time and frustration. If you prefer to make your crown and base molding cuts flat—this saw saves you lots of hassle on longer pieces of material.

  • Buy if: You want to bevel-cut crown and base flat in both directions.
  • Pass if: You rarely need to bevel in both directions. You want a more economical saw.

What Size Miter Saw is Best?

Looking at the various types of miter saws gets to the heart of the nature of your work and the material you intend to cut. Next, you really need to focus on capacity vs. portability. If you rarely need to cut to the capacity a 12-inch sliding compound miter saw affords, why carry the weight?

Often an 8-1/2″ sliding compound miter saw delivers the goods you need for 85% of jobs or more. After all, a miter saw is a trim tool. Anyone who uses a miter saw primarily on 2x lumber or thicker materials either doesn’t understand the proper use of a circular saw or does very specialized work.

If you need capacity for vertical base and crown cuts, a 10-inch or 12-inch saw makes sense. If, however, you do a majority of your cuts “flat” on the base, then a sliding 8-1/2″ saw makes more sense. It packs more portability—and that can save you a lot of hassle day in and day out.

  • Buy a 12″ miter saw if: You need to cut deeper material like 1×12 and you don’t mind a larger saw. This saw also works best if you plan to use a stand. Cutting vertical crown tall also often requires this size saw.
  • Buy a 10″ miter saw if: You want a good combination of capacity and portability.
  • Pick up a <10″ miter saw if: You want to prioritize portability and plan to cut smaller base, crown, and door trim.

Should I Buy a Corded or Cordless Miter Saw?

The question of whether you should buy a corded or cordless miter saw didn’t even exist 10 years ago. Now, some of the best miter saws we’ve used have versions that run off battery power.

Makita 12-Inch Miter Saw02

Portability certainly has to do with size, but some Pros also have to deal with dragging extension cords. If you can save time and energy using a cordless miter saw, then, by all means, investigate the many battery-powered options on the market. Most offer corded-level power, and some even offer the ability to work off either battery power or through a corded adapter.

What Type of Miter Saw Do Our Pros Recommend?

Without a doubt, a dual compound sliding miter saw delivers the most versatility. Depending on what you cut, you’re likely to get the most benefit and capacity from a 10-inch or 12-inch model. Once you choose, the next step is to practice how to use a miter saw like a Pro.

More Basics

How to Use a Miter Saw

What to Look for When Buying a Miter Saw

How to Calibrate a Miter Saw

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Big Richard

Good on you for pointing out that a chop saw is different from a miter saw. I’m hopeful in the next 10-20 years people will get it right. Then we can start working on the difference between a Sawzall and reciprocating saw, or a Skilsaw and a circular saw. Baby steps…

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